Syllabus
Objectives

1. Schedule
 Lecture 1  Introduction and Syllabus 2006
 Introduction, requirements, texts, syllabus
 Lecture 2  Requirements, projects, early relativity
 Requirements, projects, beginning of Classical Relativity
 Lecture 3  Relative motion, velocity, Newton
 Classical relative motion, velocity, Newton's Laws, Galilean Relativity.
 Lecture 4  EM waves, ether, light
 Waves, EM waves, ether, light, Einstein's postulates
 Lecture 5  Time and space relative
 Light clock, Time dilation, length contraction
 Lecture 6  Spacetime, velocity, twins
 Time dilation, Length contraction, Velocity combination, twin paradox
 Lecture 7  From twins to relativistic energy
 Twins, relativistic momentum & energy, E = mc^{2}
 Lecture 8  Relativistic energy
 Relativistic energy, rest energy, nuclear reactions and mass change
 Lecture 9  Nuclear energy and general relativity
 Nuclear binding energy, fusion, fission, equivalence principle, General Relativity begins
 Lecture 10  General relativity
 General view of General Relativity  equivalence principle, space curvature, tests, cosmology
 Lecture 11 Cosmology and quantum introduction
 Cosmology: Expansion of universe, Hubble's constant, Big Bang, Temp & background radiation, scenario. Introduction to Quantum Physics: blackbody radiation, photoelectric effect, atomic spectra
 Lecture 12  Early quantum physics
 Early Quantum Physics, up to photoelectric effect
 Lecture 13  Atomic spectra and Bohr
 Photons in photoelectric effect, atomic spectra, planetary model, Bohr model
 Lecture 14  Bohr's atom, probability, deBroglie
 Bohr's model of the atom and photon spectrum, Review of Probability, deBroglie's electron waves
 Lecture 15  Electron waves and wave functions
 Electron waves, wave equation, wave functions, waves in a tube, waveparticle duality, H atom, interpreting wave functions and probability
 Lecture 16  Copenhagen interpretation
 Wave functions, probability, Copenhagen Interpretation, waveparticle duality, mixed states, Schroedinger's Cat
 Lecture 17  Background and Copenhagen play
 Review of wave functions, mixed states, Copenhagen interpretation, Schroedinger's Cat, historical background for play
 Lecture 18  More Copenhagen
 Continuing discussion of Copenhagen.
 Lecture 19 Abombs and FrischPeierls
 Lead up to Abomb  history, introduction to FrischPeierls memorandum
 Lecture 20  Abombs
 Frisch & Peierls cont'd; How to build Abombs & enrichment
 Lecture 21  Abombs and effects
 First Abombs, effects of explosion, radioactivity, halflife, exponential decay, examples of radionuclides
 Lecture 22  Nuclear radiation
 Measures of radioactivity, examples, fusion
 Lecture 23  Hbomb and arms control
 Hbomb, fusion, delivery systems, treaties
 Lecture 24 Nuclear Reactors
 How fission reactor works, Safety system, Accidents  TMI and Chernobyl
2. Audience and Prerequisites
 It is the goal of this course to make some of these profound ideas accessible to nonscientists with a minimum of mathematics.
 The prerequisite is only high school algebra.
 The class meets for one hour and fifteen minutes twice a week.
 Discussion sessions for fifty minutes twice a week are optional.
3. Requirements
 Attendance required  no more than 3 absences
 Homework ~ every other week
 Midterm Exam (perhaps 2 midterms) and Final (multiple choice and problems)
3.1. Class Projects
The class will be divided into ~10 groups of 5 to 7 students each. Each group should have one student who is familiar with MS Excel. Each group will be assigned a data collecting and analyzing project that will continue through the semester.
3.1.1. Project choices
Some of these projects involve physical phenomena. Others are connected to human behavior. The data is available from news media &/or websites.
 Stock market  DowJones  Are there any patterns? (Movie "Pi")
 Stock Market  Foreign (Japan, or Britain or other)
 Oil prices  international & local (gas stations?)
 Natural gas prices  international & local
 TV Weather predictions and actual measurements  How good are 1 day & 2 day predictions of temperatures?
 TV Weather predictions and actual measurements  How good are 3 day & 4 day predictions of temperatures?
 Weather  predicted & actual precipitation
 Solar Energy &/or UV amount  local or beyond?
 Tides  time and height of high and low tide in our area  What is the pattern? Construct a model.
 Earthquakes  regions and magnitudes (of 5.25 or more)
3.1.2. Presentations
 Data will be entered on group spreadsheet daily or once a week by each group. Group will try various means of display. Attempts will be made to find systematic behavior of data. Once a week or so a copy of Excel file should be placed into instructor's Drop Box on website. Various displays will be posted on class website.
 Near midsemester a summary of results should be prepared by each group. Short presentation to class will be scheduled over remaining weeks for each group.
3.1.3. Organizing each group
 At least one Excel savvy person enters data
 Group writes an explanation of how data was selected
 Use Communications for groups
 Group Pages รข?? roster, discussions, collaborations, email
 Drop Box to Prof. Goldstein every 1 or 2 weeks
 Graphs and explanations  keep to minimum
 Present to class  cycle through groups
4. Texts
 Feyman, R.P. Six Easy Pieces
 Hoffmann, B. The Strange Story of the Quantum
 Frayn, M. Copenhagen
 Notes and copies of articles will be handed out or posted
 Several other texts will be on reserve:
 Gamow, G. Mr. Tompkins in Paperback
 Lightman, A. Great Ideas in Physics
 Hewitt, P.G. Conceptual Physics