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Author: Diane McKay

Tufts OpenCourseWare
Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy
Foundations of Nutrition Science, Fall 2012
D. McKay, PhD, FACN

 

LECTURES #10, 11: VITAMINS

  • Summarize the general differences between macronutrients (carbohydrates, lipids, proteins) and micronutrients (vitamins and minerals)
  • List the fat-soluble and water-soluble vitamins, and describe how solubility affects the absorption, transport, storage, and excretion of each type.
  • List the B vitamins, and identify the major functions of each vitamin in the body. (For each of these objectives, exclude panthothenic acid and biotin)
  • List the major food sources of each of the B vitamins.
  • Identify the major deficiency disease associated with each B vitamin
  • List the major uses of vitamin C in the body
  • Identify the signs and symptoms of vitamin C deficiency and toxicity
  • List the major food sources of vitamin C

 

  • Identify the roles of vitamin A in the body, and describe the effects of vitamin A deficiency and toxicity.
  • List the major food sources of vitamin A (preformed) and beta-carotene.
  • Describe the uses of vitamin D in the body, and the effects of deficiency and toxicity of this vitamin.
  • Identify the major food and non-food sources of vitamin D.
  • Identify the role of vitamin E in the body and the effects of vitamin E deficiency and toxicity.
  • List the major food sources of vitamin E.
  • Identify the major role of vitamin K in the body, and the effects of vitamin K deficiency and toxicity. List food and non-food sources of vitamin K.
  • List food and non-food sources of vitamin K.
  • Define the term antioxidant, and name the vitamins that act as antioxidants in the body.

Required readings:

  • Whitney & Rolfes, Chapters 10, 11; Highlights 10, 11
  • Factors That Destroy Vitamins (handout)
  • Food Processing and Nutrient Density (short reading)

Supplementary reading:

  • MyPyramid Sources of Vitamins (ppt handout)
  • Linus Pauling Institute Micronutrient Information Center