Lecture 7: Energy Metabolism & Alcohol
Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy
Foundations of Nutrition Science, Fall 2012
D. McKay, PhD, FACN
LECTURE #7: ENERGY METABOLISM AND ALCOHOL
- Define anabolic and catabolic reactions, and give an example of each
- Define ATP, and describe its 3 major functions in the body.
- Besides ATP, list the other 2 compounds produced in cells after food is completely metabolized.
- Identify the 3 major metabolic pathways through which the macronutrients are converted into energy.
- Identify where energy metabolism occurs in the cell.
- Examine the general differences in the breakdown of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins to usable energy components (ATP).
- Define ketosis and describe the conditions in which it occurs.
- Describe the consequences of consuming an excessive amount of any macronutrient (in excess of the body's energy/calorie needs)
- Explain, in general terms, what happens to the metabolic pathways during feasting, fasting, and prolonged fasting (starvation).
- Define moderate alcohol consumption for both men and women
- Define one drink when referring to an alcoholic beverage
- Discuss several factors that affect the body's ability to metabolize alcohol
- List the potential health benefits associated with moderate consumption
- List the detrimental effects of alcohol when consumed in excess
- Define MEOS, cirrhosis, Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome
- Whitney & Rolfes, Chapter 7, Metabolism: Transformations and Interactions; Highlight 7
- Overview of energy Metabolism (handout)
Supplementary readings and links:
- Alcohol Effects on Nutrients in the Body (handout)