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Authors: Shafiqul Islam, William Moomaw

Water and Diplomacy 2011
Shafiqul “Shafik” Islam, ScD. Professor, School of Engineering and Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy
William Moomaw, PhD. Professor, Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy
Tufts University

1. Session 22 – Readings

Rhine Case Study - Please note that these readings will be structured differently than some of the other classes.

1.1. Required

Schulz, Anna. Rhine River Case Study. (2008)

1.2. Recommended

Barnett, T.P., et al. Potential Impacts of a Warming Climate on Water Availability in Snow-Dominated Regions. 438 Nature 17 (2005).

Bogaard, T.A., et al. Hydrological Challenges in the Rhine- and Meuse Basins. NCR Report.

Frijters, Ine and Jan Leentvaar. Rhine Case Study. UNESCO PC -->CP.

Gupta, Joyeeta et al. Report on Relevant National and International Treaties and Regulations: An Inventory of Institutions Involved in Water and Environmental Quality of the Rhine and the Elbe River, the North and Wadden Seas. D1.3 of the Eurocat Project. (2002).

Huisman, Pieter, et al. Transboundary Cooperation in Shared River Basins: Experiences from the Rhine, Meuse and North Sea. 2 Water Policy (2000).

Kabat, Pavel et al. Climate Proofing the Netherlands. 438 Nature 17 (2005).

Kleinn, J. et al. Hydrologic Simulations in the Rhine Basin Driven by a Regional Climate Model. 110 Journal of Geophysical Research (2005).

Moellenkamp, S. The "WFD-effect" on Upstream-Downstream Relations in International River Basins-Insights from the Rhine and the Elbe Basins. 4 Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss. (2007).

Mostert, Erik. International Cooperation on Rhine Water Quality 1945-2008: An Example to Follow? Physics and Chemistry of the Earth (2008).

Nienhuis, P.H., et al. Ecological Rehabilitation of the Lowland Basin of the River Rhine. 478 Hydrobiologia (2002).

Pfister, Laurent, et al. Climate Change, Land Use Change and Runoff Prediction in the Rhine-Meuse Basins. 20 River Res. Applic. (2004). 

Tol, Richard, and Andreas Langen. A Concise History of Dutch River Floods. 46 Climate Change (2000).

Tol, Richard, et al. Adapting to Climate: A Case Study on Riverine Flood Risks in the Netherlands. 23 Risk Analysis 3 (2003).

Vervuren, P.J.A. et al. Flooding Events on the Rhine and the Survival and Distribution of Riparian Plant Species. 91 Journal of Ecology 1 (2003).

Verweij, Marco. A Watershed on the Rhine: Changing Approaches to International Environmental Cooperation. 47 GeoJournal (1999).

1.3. Treaties, Non-binding Agreements & Regulations

Rhine 2020.

Treaty of Limits Between France and the Netherlands concluded at Courtray, March 28, 1820 .

Convention between the delegates of the riparian states of Lake Constance: Bade, Bavaria, Austria, Switzerland and Wurtemberg, concerning the regulation of the flow of water of Lake Constance near Constance, August 31, 1857 .

Treaty for the regulation of water withdrawal from the Meuse, followed by an explanatory note, signed at the Hague, May 12, 1863 .

Convention for the modification of article 6 of the Treaty of 12 May 1863, regulating water withdrawal from the Meuse, followed by a declaration, January 11, 1873 .

Treaty between Switzerland and Austria-Hungary for the straightening of the Rhine from the mouth of the Ill until Lake Constance, December 30, 1892 .

Proces-verbal of delimitation between Belgium and France, signed at Pussemange, July 20, 1910 .

Treaty between the Swiss Confederation and the Republic of Austria for the straightening of the Rhine from the mouth of the Ill until Lake Constance, November 19, 1924 .

Convention for the settlement of relations between Switzerland and France on the subject of certain clauses of the legal regime of the future derivation of Kembs, August 28, 1930 .

Agreement between Switzerland and Italy on the subject of the concession of hydraulic forces of the Reno Di Lei, with additional protocol, June 18, 1949 .

Protocol to establish a tripartite standing committee on polluted waters, signed at Brussels, April 8, 1950

State treaty between the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg and the Land Rhineland-Palatinate in the Federal Republic of Germany concerning the construction of a hydro-electric power-plant on the Sauer (Sûre) at Rosport/Ralingen, signed at Trier, April 25, 1950 .

Treaty between the Swiss Confederation and the Republic of Austria for the regulation of the Rhine from the mouth of the Ill to Lake Constance, April 10, 1954 .

Treaty between the French Republic and the Federal Republic of Germany for the settlement of the question of the Sarre, October 27, 1956 .

Convention between the Federal Republic of Germany, the French Republic, and the Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg on the subject of Moselle canalization, October 27, 1956 .

Convention between the Federal Republic of Germany and the French Republic on the management of the upper course of the Rhine between Basel and Strasbourg and protocol annexed to the convention, signed at Luxembourg, October 27, 1956 .

State treaty between Luxembourg and West Germany concerning the construction of hydroelectric power-installations on the Our (with annexes), July 10, 1958 .

Treaty between the Kingdom of the Netherlands and the Federal Republic of Germany concerning the course of the common frontier, the boundary waters, real property situated near the frontier, traffic crossing the frontier on land and via inland waters, and..., April 8, 1960 .

Exchange of notes constituting an agreement concerning the treaty of 12 May 1863 to regulate the diversion of water from the River Meuse and the convention of 11 January 1873 amending that treaty, February 24, 1961

Protocol concerning the establishment of an international commission to protect the Saar against pollution, signed at Paris, December 20, 1961

Protocol between the government of the Federal Republic of Germany, the French Republic and the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg concerning the establishment of an international commission to protect the Moselle against pollution, December 20, 1961 .

Agreement on the International Commision for the protection of the Rhine against pollution, April 29, 1963 .

Agreement withdrawal of water from Lake Constance, April 30, 1966 .

Convention between the French Republic and the Federal Republic of Germany concerning development of the Rhine between Strasbourg/Kehl and Lauterbourg/Neuburgweier, July 4, 1969 .

Convention concerning the protection of Italo-Swiss waters against pollution, signed at Rome, April 20, 1972

Convention between the French Republic and the Federal Republic of Germany additional to the convention of 4 July 1969 on the subject of the management of the Rhine between Strasbourg/Kehl and Lauterbourg/Neuburgweier, signed at Bonn, July 16, 1975 .

Agreement between the government of the Federal Republic of Germany and the government of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg concerning the maintenance, restoration and operation of the section of the Moselle common to the two states, September 14, 1976 .

Convention on the protection of the Rhine against chemical pollution, December 3, 1976 .

Convention on the protection of the Rhine against pollution by chlorides (with annexes and exchanges of letters dated 1983), concluded at Bonn, December 3, 1976 .

Convention between the Kingdom of Belgium and the Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg on the subject of the water of the Sûre, May 17, 1980 .

Convention between the French Republic and the Federal Republic of Germany modifying and completing the additional convention of 16 July 1975 to the convention of 4 July 1969 on the subject of the management of the Rhine between Strasbourg/Kehl and Lauter, December 6, 1982 .

Convention between the government of the French Republic and the government of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg for the realization and exploitation of certain industrial settlements on the Moselle, March 12, 1986

Exchange of notes constituting an agreement concerning the execution of improvement works on the River Gander at Mondorff (France) and at Mondorf-les-Bains (Luxembourg), Paris, 3 and 23 June 1986 .

Agreement between the government of the French Republic, the government of the Federal Republic of Germany, and the government of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg on flood warning for the catchment basin of the Moselle, October 1, 1987 .

Agreement between the government of the Land Badenwurttemberg and the Swiss Federal Council concerning the joint construction and operation of a monitoring and control station downstream of Basel to monitor the water quality of the River Rhine, May 17, 1990 .

Additional protocol to the convention on the protection of the Rhine against pollution from chlorides, September 25, 1991 .

Agreement on the protection of the Meuse, April 26, 1994 .

Convention concerning the collection, storage, and discharge of waste from ships navigating along the Rhine and other inland waters, September 9, 1996

Convention on the protection of the Rhine, January 22, 1998 .

International treaty for the Meuse, December 2, 2002 .