Important Note

Tufts ended funding for its Open Courseware initiative in 2014. We are now planning to retire this site on June 30, 2018. Content will be available for Tufts contributors after that date. If you have any questions about this please write to edtech@tufts.edu.

Tufts OpenCourseware
Search
Author: Gretchen Kaufman, DVM

OCW Zoological Medicine 2008
Mammal, Part III - Carnivore Readings
G. Kaufman, DVM
Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine at Tufts University

1. Carnivores

  • Myers DL, Zurbriggen A, Lutz H, Pospischil A. Distemper: not a new disease in lions and tigers. Clin Diagn Lab Immunol. 1997;4(2):180-184.

  • Roelke ME, Pecon-Slattery J, Taylor S, et al. T-lymphocyte profiles in FIV-infected wild lions and pumas reveal CD4 depletion. J Wildl Dis. 2006;42(2):234-248.

  • FeLV in Florida Panthers (2004). ProMED-mail 20041003.2722. http://www.promedmail.org.

  • Cougar parasite may influence behavior (2004). ProMED-mail 20040425.1152. http://www.promedmail.org.

  • Plague in cougars in Wyoming (2006). ProMED-mail 20061215.3523. http://www.promedmail.org.

  • Plague in Mountain Lion kills biologist.

  • Mountain lion dies of plague (2008). ProMED-mail 20080522.1694. http://www.promedmail.org.

  • Wild Cougar with FIP (2000). ProMED-mail 20000229.0279. http://www.promedmail.org.

  • FIV in Lions in Uganda (2000). ProMED-mail 20000510.0709. http://www.promedmail.org.

  • Dybas CL. Infectious diseases subdue serengeti lions. Bioscience. 2009;59(1):8-13.

  • Pecon-Slattery J, Troyer JL, Johnson WE, O'Brien SJ. Evolution of feline immunodeficiency virus in Felidae: implications for human health and wildlife ecology. Vet Immunol Immunopathol. 2008;123(1-2):32-44.

  • Pecon-Slattery J, McCracken CL, Troyer JL, et al. Genomic organization, sequence divergence, and recombination of feline immunodeficiency virus from lions in the wild. BMC Genomics. 2008;9:66.

  • Cytauxzoon in Bobcats (2000). ProMED-mail 20000612.0952. http://www.promedmail.org.

  • Baylisascaris from Raccoons, US (2002). ProMED-mail 20020108.3197. http://www.promedmail.org.

  • Baylisascaris affects a child in Canada (2005). ProMED-mail 20061215.3523. http://www.promedmail.org.

  • Canine Distemper virus in Raccoons, US (2000). ProMED- 20000908.1538. http://www.promedmail.org.

  • Lion contracts TSE from tainted British beef (2000). ProMED-mail 20001115.1997. http://www.promedmail.org.

  • Feline spongiform encephalopathy found in a zoo cat (2002). ProMED-mail 20020731.4902. http://www.promedmail.org.

  • Feline spongiforme encephalopathy in a cheetah (2007). ProMED-mail 20070913.3038. http://www.promedmail.org.

  • TB in wild African lions (2001). ProMED-mail 20010116.0128. http://www.promedmail.org.

  • Badgers in Britain and TB (2003). ProMED-mail 20031105.2745. http://www.promedmail.org.

  • Clubb R, Mason G. Animal welfare: captivity effects on wide-ranging carnivores. Nature. 2003;425(6957):473-474.

  • Civets and SARS (2004). ProMED-mail 20041020.2842. http://www.promedmail.org.

  • Martina BE, Haagmans BL, Kuiken T, et al. Virology: SARS virus infection of cats and ferrets. Nature. 2003;425(6961):915

  • Parvovirus in Yellowstone wolf pups (2006). ProMED-mail 20060108.0069. http://www.promedmail.org.

  • The Incredible Shrinking Polar Bears by Jim Morrison. National Wildlife Oct/Nov 2004 vol. 42 no. 6.

  • Grizzly Bear Conservation in the Y2Y Region.

  • Trichinellosis acquired by hunters from bear meat (2006). ProMED-mail 20060518.1404. http://www.promedmail.org.

  • Trichinellosis in canada: background (2006). ProMED-mail 20060520.1429. http://www.promedmail.org.

  • Trichinellosis from badger meat (2009). ProMED-mail 20091105.3821. http://www.promedmail.org.

  • West Nile Virus kills polar bear in Toronto (2006). ProMED-mail 20061027.3081. http://www.promedmail.org.

  • Dutton CJ, Quinnell M, Lindsay R, DeLay J, Barker IK. Paraparesis in a polar bear (Ursus maritimus) associated with West Nile virus infection. J Zoo Wildl Med. 2009;40(3):568-571.

  • Black Bear shot in Athol by George Barnes, July 13, 2007. Worcester Telegram and Gazette.

  • Zhang B, Une Y, Fu X, et al. Fecal transmission of AA amyloidosis in the cheetah contributes to high incidence of disease. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. 2008;105(20):7263-7268.

  • Mech LD, Goyal SM, Paul WJ, Newton WE. Demographic effects of canine parvovirus on a free-ranging wolf population over 30 years. J Wildl Dis. 2008;44(4):824-836.

  • A Serological Survey of Infectious Disease in Yellowstone National Park’s Canid Community .

  • New Virus Killer at the Zoo - Equine herpes infects Polar Bear - see also EID article – by Matt Potter, December 17, 2008. San Diego Reader.

  • New Hosts for Equine Herpesvirus 9 – EID.

  • Dybas CL. Infectious diseases subdue serengeti lions. Bioscience. 2009;59(1):8-13.

  • Millan J, Candela MG, Palomares F, et al. Disease threats to the endangered Iberian lynx (Lynx pardinus). Vet J. 2009;182(1):114-124.

1.1. Avian Influenza in Non-Avian Species

1.2. Sea Otter Mortalities

  • US Fish & Wildlife Southern Sea Otter Stock Assessment 2008

  • Sea otters dying in California (2003). ProMED- 20030508.1140. http://www.promedmail.org.

  • Sea Otters deaths 2004. ProMED- 20040417.1071. http://www.promedmail.org.

  • Dabritz HA, Miller MA, Atwill ER, et al. Detection of Toxoplasma gondii-like oocysts in cat feces and estimates of the environmental oocyst burden. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2007;231(11):1676-1684.

  • Miller MA, Grigg ME, Kreuder C, et al. An unusual genotype of Toxoplasma gondii is common in California sea otters (Enhydra lutris nereis) and is a cause of mortality. Int J Parasitol. 2004;34(3):275-284.

  • Kreuder C, Miller MA, Jessup DA, et al. Patterns of mortality in southern sea otters (Enhydra lutris nereis) from 1998-2001. J Wildl Dis. 2003;39(3):495-509.

  • Hanni KD, Mazet JA, Gulland FM, et al. Clinical pathology and assessment of pathogen exposure in southern and Alaskan sea otters. J Wildl Dis. 2003;39(4):837-850.

  • Miller MA, Gardner IA, Kreuder C, et al. Coastal freshwater runoff is a risk factor for Toxoplasma gondii infection of southern sea otters (Enhydra lutris nereis). Int J Parasitol. 2002;32(8):997-1006.

  • Jessup DA, Miller MA, Kreuder-Johnson C, et al. Sea otters in a dirty ocean. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2007;231(11):1648-1652.

  • Conrad PA, Miller MA, Kreuder C, et al. Transmission of Toxoplasma: clues from the study of sea otters as sentinels of Toxoplasma gondii flow into the marine environment. Int J Parasitol. 2005;35(11-12):1155-1168.

  • Johnson CK, Tinker MT, Estes JA, et al. Prey choice and habitat use drive sea otter pathogen exposure in a resource-limited coastal system. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. 2009;106(7):2242-2247.