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Tufts OpenCourseware

Zoological Medicine, 2008
G. Kaufman, DVM
Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine at Tufts University
Fall 2008

1. Reptile Readings and Links for Part I

  • Herpetological Conservation & Biology journal - open access
    Peer-reviewed journal publishing original research, reviews, perspectives and correspondence on the life history ecology, management and conservation of amphibians and reptiles.

  • Mans C. Venipuncture techniques in chelonian species. Lab Animal. 2008;37(7):303-304.

  • Rare Reptiles' Mass Die-Off Due to Poison-Induced Gout. (Gharial dieoff attributed to Poison-Induced Gout and Invasive fish species). March 12, 2008. National Geographic News [internet] Accessed February 2009.

  • Undiagnosed crocodile die-off - South Africa (Kroger National Park) (June 2008). ProMED-mail 20080609.1830. <>. Accessed February 2009.

  • Australian crocs dying after eating cane toads (June 2008). ProMED-mail 20080630.2002. <>. Accessed February 2009.

  • Karlin ML. Distribution of Mycoplasma agassizii in a Gopher Tortoise Population in South Florida. Southeastern Naturalist 7(1):145-158. 2008.

  • McCoy ED, Mushinsky HR, Lindzey J. Conservation Strategies and Emergent Diseases: The Case of Upper Respiratory Tract Disease in the Gopher Tortoise. Chelonian Conservation and Biology 6(2):170-176. 2007.

  • Undiagnosed Deaths, Sea Turtles Dying in Florida (2006). ProMED-mail 20060916.2631. <>. Accessed February 2009.

  • Norton TM. Sea Turtle Natural History, Health Assessment, Causes of Morbidity and mortality, Rehabilitation, and Conservation – An Overview. 2005.

  • Red Tide and Turtles in Florida (06) (2005). ProMED-mail 20050925.2829. <>. Accessed February 2009.

  • West Nile virus in Alligators in Florida (2002). ProMED-mail 20021114.5797. <>. Accessed February 2009.

  • Alligators dying in Florida (2001). ProMED-mail 20010101.2310. <>. Accessed February 2009.

  • Partners in Amphibian and Reptile Conservation (PARC) – PARC is a diverse partnership between public and private organizations and is the most comprehensive herpetofauna conservation effort ever undertaken in the U.S.

  • Association of Reptilian and Amphibian Veterinarians (ARAV) – ARAV promotes conservation and humane treatment of all reptilian and amphibian species through education, captive breeding, and habitat preservation.

  • Local snake gets stuck in man's car. Crash Course in Boa Body Work by Raphael Lewis. Boston Globe. Jun 16, 2000. P.B.1.

  • Wikelski ,Martin, Wong ,Vanessa, Chevalier ,Brett, Rattenborg ,Niels, Snell H,L. Galapagos islands: Marine iguanas die from trace oil pollution. Nature 417, 607-608 (6 June 2002).

  • Wright K. Beyond POTZ: environmental influences on reptile healing. Exotic DVM 7(4); 11-15.

  • UV Guide UK – Website of a small team of reptile keepers researching the use of ultraviolet light in reptile husbandry.

  • Wapstra E, Uller T, Sinn DL, et al. Climate effects on offspring sex ratio in a viviparous lizard. J Anim Ecol. 2009;78(1):84-90.

  • Reintroduced Chinese Alligators Now Multiplying In The Wild In China (July 18, 2009). ScienceDaily. Accessed [internet] December 2009.

  • Sea turtle necropsy manual for biologists in remote refuges.

1.1. Asian Turtle Crisis

  • 2001 Confiscation Press Release – Asian Turtle Crisis: The largest seizure of turtle smuggling in Hong Kong. Kadoorie Farm and Botanic Garden Corporation, Hong Kong.

  • An overview of the animal markets in China (2003) -

  • The Asian Turtle Crisis - New York Turtle and Tortoise Society

  • TRAFFIC report - Trade in Tortoises and Freshwater Turtles in Asia

  • Asian Turtle Crisis - Report on 2001 confiscation

  • Asian Turtle Conservation Network – Non-profit consortium of people, projects and institutions based within the Asia region and actively working to conserve Asia's turtles

  • China's Turtles, Emblems of a Crisis by Jim Yardley. New York Times, December 5, 2007.

1.2. Salmonellosis as a Zoonosis

  • Jafari M, Forsberg J, Gilcher RO, et al. Brief report: Salmonella sepsis caused by a platelet transfusion from a donor with a pet snake. New England Journal of Medicine. 2002;347(14):1075-1078

  • Salmonella associated with Pet Turtles – WI, WY (2005). ProMED-mail 20050311.0715. <>. Accessed February 2009.

  • Richards JM, Brown JD, Kelly TR, Fountain AL, Sleeman JM. Absence of detectable salmonella cloacal shedding in free-living reptiles on admission to the wildlife center of virginia. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine. 2004;35(4):562-563

  • Infant dies from salmonella acquired from pet turtle – FL (2007). ProMED-mail 20070409.1182. <>. Accessed February 2009.

  • MMWR reports on salmonellosis acquired from turtles 2006-2007. Multistate Outbreak of Human Salmonella Infections Associated with Exposure to Turtles --- United States, 2006-2007. ProMED-mail 20070709.2186. <>. Accessed February 2009.

  • MMWR reports on multistate Outbreak of Human Salmonella Infections Associated with Exposure to Turtles --- United States, 2007—2008 . CDC. MMWR Weekly. January 25, 2008 / 57(03);69-72.

  • Salmonellosis from Pet Turtles - USA (2008). . ProMED-mail 20080924.3020. <>. Accessed February 2009.

1.3. Sea Turtle Fibropapilloma

  • Fibropapilloma in turtles in Japan (2004). ProMED-mail 20040102.0007. <>. Accessed February 2009.

  • Ene A, Su M, Lemaire S, et al. Distribution of chelonid fibropapillomatosis-associated herpesvirus variants in florida: Molecular genetic evidence for infection of turtles following recruitment to neritic developmental habitats. Journal of Wildlife Diseases. 2005;41(3):489-497.

  • Foley AM, Schroeder BA, Redlow AE, Fick-Child KJ, Teas WG. Fibropapillomatosis in stranded green turtles (chelonia mydas) from the eastern united states (1980-98): Trends and associations with environmental factors. Journal of Wildlife Diseases. 2005;41(1):29-41.

  • Greenblatt RJ, Quackenbush SL, Casey RN, et al. Genomic variation of the fibropapilloma-associated marine turtle herpesvirus across seven geographic areas and three host species. Journal of Virology. 2005;79(2):1125-1132.

  • Curry SS, Brown DR, Gaskin JM, et al. Persistent infectivity of a disease-associated herpesvirus in green turtles after exposure to seawater. Journal of Wildlife Diseases. 2000;36(4):792-797.