Zoological Medicine 2008
Amphibian Readings and Links for Part I
G. Kaufman, DVM
Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine at Tufts University
1. Amphibian Readings and Links for Part I
Partners in Amphibian and Reptile Conservation
Partners in Amphibian and Reptile Conservation (PARC) is an inclusive partnership dedicated to the conservation of the herpetofauna--reptiles and amphibians--and their habitats.
Association of Reptilian and Amphibian Veterinarians
Group promotes conservation and humane treatment of all reptilian and amphibian species through education, captive breeding, and habitat preservation.
Herpetological Conservation & Biology journal - open access
Peer-reviewed journal publishing original research, reviews, perspectives and correspondence on the life history ecology, management and conservation of amphibians and reptiles
Amphibian deformities - parasitic etiology? US (2002). ProMED-mail 20020422.4012. <http://www.promedmail.org>. Accessed December 2008.
Frog Die-off in the UK (2004). ProMED-mail 20040912.2542. <http://www.promedmail.org>. Accessed December 2008.
Use of Amphibians as Indicators of Ecosystem Restoration Success. October 2004. USGS. Available at http://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/2004/3106/
Gresens J. An introduction to the mexican axolotl (ambystoma mexicanum). Lab Anim. 2004;33(9):41-47.
Royal LW, Grafinger MS, Lascelles BD, Lewbart GA, Christian LS. Internal fixation of a femur fracture in an american bullfrog. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2007;230(8):1201-1204.
Glista DJ, DeVault TL, DeWoody JA. Vertebrate road mortality predominantly impacts amphibians. Herpetological Conservation and Biology. 2008;3(1):77-87.
1.1. Amphibian Declines and Chytridiomycosis
Wake DB, Vredenburg VT. Colloquium paper: Are we in the midst of the sixth mass extinction? A view from the world of amphibians. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2008;105(Suppl 1):11466-11473.
Chytrid fungus found in the UK (2005). ProMED-mail 20050916.2741. <http://www.promedmail.org>. Accessed December 2008.
Daszak P et al. Emerging Infectious Diseases and Amphibian Population Declines. CDC Emerging Infectious Diseases. Accessible at http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/eid/vol5no6/daszak.htm
Mazzoni R et al. Emerging Pathogen of Wild Amphibians in Frogs (Rana catesbeiana) Farmed for International Trade. CDC Emerging Infectious Diseases. Accessible at http://www.cdc.gov/NCIDOD/eid/vol9no8/03-0030.htm
Daszak P, Cunningham AA, Hyatt AD. Infectious disease and amphibian population declines. (special issue: Amphibian declines: Untangling the complexity). Divers Distrib. 2003;9(2):141-150.
Muths E, Stephen Corn P, Pessier AP, Earl Green D. Evidence for disease-related amphibian decline in colorado. Biological Conservation. 2003;110(3):357-365.
Johnson PTJ, Chase JM, Dosch KL, et al. Aquatic eutrophication promotes pathogenic infection in amphibians. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 2007;104(40):15781-15786.
Berger L et al. Chytridiomycosis causes amphibian mortality associated with population declines in the rain forests of Australia and Central America. Population Biology. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 95:9031-9036 (1998).
Hanselmann R, Rodriguez A, Lampo M, et al. Presence of an emerging pathogen of amphibians in introduced bullfrogs rana catesbeiana in venezuela. Biological Conservation. 2004;120(1):115-119.
Climate change and outbreaks of amphibian chytridiomycosis. Proc. R. Soc. B (2007) 274, 253–260. Access here
Weldon C, du Preez LH, Hyatt AD, Muller R, Speare R. Origin of the amphibian chytrid fungus. Emerg Infect Dis [serial on the Internet]. 2004 Dec [December 2008]. Available from http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/EID/vol10no12/03-0804.htm
Map (Global Distribution) of chytrid fungus –
Global Amphibian Assessment on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Available at http://www.iucnredlist.org/amphibians
Chytrid fungus found in Japanese pet frogs (2007). ProMED-mail 20070113.0176. <http://www.promedmail.org>. Accessed December 2008.
Chytrid fungus found in introduced wild bull frogs in Japan (2007). ProMED-mail 20070613.1924. <http://www.promedmail.org>. Accessed December 2008.
Chytrid fungus also threatening Platypus - Connolly JH, Canfield PJ, Obendorf DL. Gross, histological and immunohistochemical features of mucormycosis in the platypus. Journal of Comparative Pathology. 2000;123(1):36-46.
Chytrid fungus also threatens Platypus in Tasmania – World's oddest creature at risk from killer fungus. By Kathy Marks in Sydney. 14 January 2007. The Independent World [internet] http://www.independent.co.uk
Down to the last croak. By Greg Roberts. January 5, 2008. The Australian. [internet]. http://www.theaustralian.news.com.au/. Accessed February 2009.
Raffel TR, Bommarito T, Barry DS, Witiak SM, Shackelton LA. Widespread infection of the eastern red-spotted newt (notophthalmus viridescens) by a new species of amphibiocystidium, a genus of fungus-like mesomycetozoan parasites not previously reported in north america. Parasitology. 2008;135(2):203-215.
Riding the Wave: Reconciling the Roles of Disease and Climate Change in Amphibian Declines Lips KR, Diffendorfer J, Mendelson III JR, Sears MW PLoS Biology Vol. 6, No. 3. Accessed February 2009.
Tufts University (2008, April 18). Early Exposure To Common Weed Killer Impairs Amphibian Development. ScienceDaily [internet]. Accessed February 2009, from http://www.sciencedaily.com /releases/2008/04/080416091015.htm. (Tufts research)
Woodhams DC, Kilburn VL, Reinert LK, et al. Chytridiomycosis and amphibian population declines continue to spread eastward in panama. EcoHealth. 2008:1-7.
Amphibian threats from climate change
Walker SF, Bosch J, James TY, et al. Invasive pathogens threaten species recovery programs. Current Biology. 2008;18(18):R853-R854.
Ecosystem-level Consequences of Frog Extinctions. ScienceDaily. Accessed February 2009, http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/10/081016124252.htm.
Rohr JR, Schotthoefer AM, Raffel TR, et al. Agrochemicals increase trematode infections in a declining amphibian species. Nature. 2008;455(7217):1235-1239.
Rohr JR, Raffel TR, Romansic JM, McCallum H, Hudson PJ. Evaluating the links between climate, disease spread, and amphibian declines. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. 2008;105(45):17436-17441.
Sánchez D, Chacón-Ortiz A, León F, Han BA, Lampo M. Widespread occurrence of an emerging pathogen in amphibian communities of the venezuelan andes. Biological Conservation. 2008;141(11):2898-2905.