OCW Zoological Medicine 2008
Exotic Companion Animal Practice (2009)
G. Kaufman, DVM / W. Emerson, DVM
Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine at Tufts University
1. General Issues
1.1. Exotic companion animals in society
Exotic companion animals seem to be gaining in popularity - why is this happening?
Wild vs. domestic
Regulation - landlord, city, state, federal, international
1.2. Common exotic animal species seen in general practice
Snakes, lizards, turtles and tortoises
Psittacines - parrots
Passeriformes - finches, canaries, songbirds
Anseriformes - ducks, geese, swans
Galliformes - chickens, turkeys, pheasant, peacocks, quail
Ratites, Raptors, Columbiformes (Pigeons)
Mammals - ferrets, rabbits, guinea pigs, hamsters, rats, and mice
1.3. Captive animal circumstances
Sources - captive breeding vs. wild harvest
Pet store/retail resources
1.4. Role of the veterinarian
Human health and safety
Practice builder?! - economic implications
1.5. Target Issues
Client knowledge base
Basic veterinary knowledge base less developed
Industry reluctance to improve standards (cost factors)
Perception of poor economic worth
Resistance by traditional veterinary counterparts
2. Support resources and continuing education
2.1. Professional organizations
Association of Avian Veterinarians (AAV) http://www.aav.org/
Association of Exotic Mammal Veterinarians (AEMV) http://www.aemv.org/
Association of Reptile and Amphibian Veterinarians (ARAV) http://www.arav.org/
2.2. Continuing education resources
Veterinary Information Network - free to students! http://www.vin.com/
North American Veterinary Conference,
Western States Veterinary Conference, etc.
2.3. Formalized Training/Board Certification
2.3.1. Internships and Residencies (selected)
There are very few exclusive companion animal exotic internships and residencies. Some of these are listed below. Some of the academic zoological medicine residencies and internships include a component of companion animal exotics.
Avian and Exotic Pet Medicine and Surgery Residency at the New York Animal Medical Center http://www.amcny.org/eduTrain/training/avian.aspx
Residency in Avian and Exotic Medicine at Angell Memorial
Residency Program in Zoological Medicine at the University of Florida - Gainesville
Avian Specialty Residency at the University of Tennessee in Knoxville http://www.vet.utk.edu/avi_zoo/residency.shtml
Rotating Internship in Bird, Zoo and Exotic Animal Medicine and Surgery and Bird, Zoo and Exotic Animal Medicine & Surgery Residency at Louisiana State University
Residency in Special Species Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania
Zoological Medicine and Surgery Residency Training Program at the University of Wisconsin http://hospital.vetmed.wisc.edu/sa_services/special_species/residency.htm
Residency in Zoological Medicine at UC-Davis http://www.vetmed.ucdavis.edu/vmth/residency_info/zoomed.cfm
Exotic Companion Animal Internship at TUSVM
2.3.2. Board Certification
American Board of Veterinary Practitioners - Avian Specialty http://www.abvp.com/categories_avian.htm
American College of Zoo Veterinarians - Avian Specialty http://www.aczm.org/
American Board of Veterinary Practitioners - Exotic Companion Mammal Specialty http://www.abvp.com/categories_ecm.htm
2.3.3. References and Resources
KEEPING CAPTIVE / EXOTIC WILDLIFE in Massachusetts - a summary of Massachusetts regulations regarding exotic animals and wildlife in the pet trade.
Altman, Robert B., et al. Avian Medicine and Surgery. Philadelphia. W.B. Saunders Co., 1997. Chapters 1, 4, 7, 38, 57, 58.
Exotic DVM. Lake Worth, FL : Zoological Education Network, c1998-
Johnson-Delaney, Cathy A. Exotic Companion Medicine Handbook for Veterinarians. Zoological Information Network. Available from Zoological Education Network.
Journal of Exotic Pet Medicine , Elsevier
Orcutt, Connie J., and Kristine Palmer-Holtry. Editorial. Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery 11 (3), 1997, pp. 149-150.
Ritchie, Branson W., et al. Avian Medicine: Principles and Application. Lake Worth, Fla.: Wingers Publishing, c1994: Prologue, Chapters 1,2,4.
Veterinary Clinics of North America. Exotic Animal Practice. Philadelphia, PA : W.B. Saunders Co., 1998-