Important Note

Tufts ended funding for its Open Courseware initiative in 2014. We are now planning to retire this site on June 30, 2018. Content will be available for Tufts contributors after that date. If you have any questions about this please write to

Tufts OpenCourseware
Authors: Jeffrey Griffiths, M.D., David Gute, Ph.D.

Biology of Water and Health
Tufts University

1. Session 11 - Readings/Resources

  • Almedom, A. and Odhiambo, C. (1994) The rationality factor: choosing water sources according to water uses. Waterlines, International Journal of Appropriate Technologies for Water Supply and Sanitation 13(1): 28-31.

  • Tumwine JK, Thompson J, Katua-Katua M, Mujwajuzi M, Johnstone N, Porras I. Diarrhoea and effects of different water sources, sanitation and hygiene behaviour in east africa. Trop Med Int Health. 2002;7(9):750-756.