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Author: Joann Lindenmayer, DVM,MPH
Surveillance Principles and Concepts Surveillance Principles and Concepts
Essential Public Health Service #1:  Monitor Health Status to Identify and Solve Community Health Problems Essential Public Health Service #1: Monitor Health Status to Identify and Solve Community Health Problems
Objectives Objectives
A Word About Surveillance A Word About Surveillance
Surveillance:  What It’s Not Surveillance: What It’s Not
Definition of Surveillance Definition of Surveillance
History of Public Health Surveillance History of Public Health Surveillance
History of Public Health Surveillance History of Public Health Surveillance
Definition of Surveillance Definition of Surveillance
Public Health Surveillance Public Health Surveillance
Definition of Surveillance Definition of Surveillance
Health-Related Event Health-Related Event
Definition of Surveillance Definition of Surveillance
Uses of Public Health Surveillance Data Uses of Public Health Surveillance Data
Inhalation Anthrax Associated with Dried Animal Hides Inhalation Anthrax Associated with Dried Animal Hides
Public Health Action Public Health Action
Uses of Public Health Surveillance Data Uses of Public Health Surveillance Data
West Nile Virus Surveillance, 2001 West Nile Virus Surveillance, 2001
West Nile Virus Surveillance, 2004 West Nile Virus Surveillance, 2004
Uses of Public Health Surveillance Data Uses of Public Health Surveillance Data
Surveillance: Slide 21 Surveillance: Slide 21
Uses of Public Health Surveillance Data Uses of Public Health Surveillance Data
Examples of Public Health Surveillance Systems Examples of Public Health Surveillance Systems
Evaluation of Surveillance Systems Evaluation of Surveillance Systems
Evaluation of PH Surveillance Systems Evaluation of PH Surveillance Systems
Program Evaluation:  Application to Surveillance Systems Program Evaluation: Application to Surveillance Systems
Simplified Flow Chart of a Surveillance System Simplified Flow Chart of a Surveillance System
Example of Public and Population Health Surveillance Example of Public and Population Health Surveillance
Situation Situation
Situation Situation
Surveillance: Slide 31 Surveillance: Slide 31
Ecology:  Entomology of Viral Encephalitides Ecology: Entomology of Viral Encephalitides
Surveillance: Slide 33 Surveillance: Slide 33
Burden of SLE in People Burden of SLE in People
Burden of EEE in People and Horses Burden of EEE in People and Horses
Burden of WEE in People Burden of WEE in People
Meanwhile, Back in the Bronx… Meanwhile, Back in the Bronx…
The Emus Were OK! The Emus Were OK!
Unusual Findings Unusual Findings
Timeline, continued Timeline, continued
Surveillance: Slide 41 Surveillance: Slide 41
Surveillance: Slide 42 Surveillance: Slide 42
WNV WNV
Electron Microscopic Images of West Nile Virus Electron Microscopic Images of West Nile Virus
Previous WNV Outbreaks Previous WNV Outbreaks
WNV in Animals WNV in Animals
Skinner and Gubler Skinner and Gubler
Response Response
MMWR, October 1, 1999 MMWR, October 1, 1999
MMWR October 1, 1999 MMWR October 1, 1999
MMWR MMWR
MMWR MMWR
MMWR (2) MMWR (2)
MMWR 10/22 MMWR 10/22
MMWR 10/22 MMWR 10/22
MMWR, 10/22/2000:  The End of the Outbreak MMWR, 10/22/2000: The End of the Outbreak
Guidelines for Surveillance:  Rationale Guidelines for Surveillance: Rationale
Guidelines for Surveillance (2) Guidelines for Surveillance (2)
Guidelines for Surveillance (3) Guidelines for Surveillance (3)
Guidelines for Surveillance (4) Guidelines for Surveillance (4)
WNV 2001 WNV 2001
WNV in Horses and Birds, 2001 WNV in Horses and Birds, 2001
MMWR 8/18/2006 MMWR 8/18/2006
MMWR 8/18/2006 MMWR 8/18/2006
WNV in Mammals WNV in Mammals
CDC Organization with Responsibility for Arboviruses CDC Organization with Responsibility for Arboviruses
MDPH Organization with Responsibility for Arboviruses MDPH Organization with Responsibility for Arboviruses
West Nile Virus Surveillance in MA West Nile Virus Surveillance in MA
Other surveillance systems Other surveillance systems
NEDSS NEDSS
Provider-based Sentinel Networks Provider-based Sentinel Networks
EIN EIN
Others Others