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Author: Joann Lindenmayer, DVM,MPH

1. Introduction

ESSENTIAL PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE #8: Ensure a competent public and personal health care workforce.

This service includes education and training for personnel to meet the needs for public and personal health service; efficient processes for licensure of professionals and certification of facilities with regular verification and inspection follow-up; adoption of continuous quality improvement and life-long learning within all licensure and certification programs; active partnerships with professional training programs to assure community-relevant learning experiences for all students; and continuing education in management and leadership development programs for those charged with administrative/executive roles.

ACVPM MODEL CURRICULUM AREAS:

Food safety: Regulatory requirements related to food products of animal origin (import-export requirements

Foreign animal diseases: Definition and importance of Foreign Animal Diseases (FADS), USDA response to FADs, Rinderpest, Rift Valley Fever, Foot and mouth disease

Environmental health: Location and use of human resources, agencies and laboratory services

PRIMARY EXAMPLE: International trade and quality control of organized veterinary services, laboratory testing, and surveillance systems in the US and Less Industrialized Countries

2. Learning Objectives

At the end of class, students should be able to:

  • Describe the role of the veterinary profession in assuring the public health and environmental safety of imported and exported animals and animal by-products

  • Discuss the rationale for the World Trade Organization’s Phytosanitary Agreement (SPS)

  • List at least three areas involved in trade of animals and animal by-products that require quality assurance processes and procedures

  • Discuss how lack of quality assurance processes and procedures constrains less industrialized countries in international trade

  • Discuss the importance of international trade to livelihoods of poor livestock-owning communities

3. Required Reading

Stark KDC, Salman M, Tempelman Y and U Kihm. A review of approaches to quality assurance of veterinary systems for health-status certification. Prev Vet Med 2002; 56:129-140.

Hawkes C and M Ruel. The links between agriculture and health: an intersectoral opportunity to improve the health and livelihoods of the poor . Bull of the WHO , December 2006; 84:984-990.

At least two of the following (your choice)

Vallat B. Preface. Veterinary Services: Organisation, Quality Assurance and Evaluation. Rev. sci. tech. Off. Int. Epiz . 2003; 22:355.

Vallat B and DW Wilson. The obligations of Member Countries of the OIE (World Organisation for animal health) in the organisation of Veterinary Services. Veterinary Services: Organisation, Quality Assurance and Evaluation. Rev. sci. tech. Off. Int. Epiz . 2003; 22:547-552.

Quality Assurance of Veterinary Services

LeBrun Y. Guidelines of the OIE (World organisation for animal health) for the organisation of Veterinary Services and their relations with private-sector partners, with particular reference to developing countries. Veterinary Services: Organisation, Quality Assurance and Evaluation. Rev. sci. tech. Off. Int. Epiz . 2003; 22:566.

Sidibe AS. The contribution of quality assurance to national veterinary structures in developing countries: The case of Africa. Veterinary Services: Organisation, Quality Assurance and Evaluation. Rev. sci. tech. Off. Int. Epiz . 2003; 22:686.

Quality Assurance of Surveillance Systems

Salman MD, Stark KDC and C Zepeda. Quality assurance applied to animal disease surveillance systems. Veterinary Services: Organisation, Quality Assurance and Evaluation. Rev. sci. tech. Off. Int. Epiz . 2003; 22:689-694.

Quality Assurance of food animal production processes

Butler RJ, Murray JG, and S. Tidwell. Quality assurance and meat inspection in Australia. Veterinary Services: Organisation, Quality Assurance and Evaluation. Rev. sci. tech. Off. Int. Epiz . 2003; 22:697-709.

Quality assurance of diagnostic laboratories

Schmitt BJ. Veterinary diagnostic laboratories and their support role for Veterinary Services. Preventive Veterinary Medicine 2002; 56:129-140.