1. Content and Objectives
Introduction to acute pain
Immediate and intermediate outcomes of postoperative pain control
Long-term outcomes: the pre-emptive analgesia controversy
Intravenous patient-controlled analgesia
Epidural analgesia and patient-controlled epidural analgesia
2. Required Readings
Ballantyne JC, Carr DB, et al. The comparative effects of postoperative analgesic therapies on pulmonary outcome: cumulative meta-analysis of randomized, controlled trials. Anesth Analg 1998;86:598-612.
Dahl JB, Moiniche S. Pre-emptive analgesia. Br Med Bull 2004; 71: 13-27.
Dolin SJ, Cashman JN, Bland JM. Effectiveness of acute postoperative pain management: I. Evidence from published data. Br J Anaesth 2002;89:409-23.
Hudcova J, McNicol E, et al. Patient controlled intravenous opioid analgesia versus conventional opioid analgesia for postoperative pain control: A quantitative systematic review. Acute Pain 2005;7:115-132.