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Author: Daniel E. Weiner, M.D.
Water Handling and Osmolality Water Handling and Osmolality
Water Handling and Osmolality: Slide 2 Water Handling and Osmolality: Slide 2
Case Presentation Case Presentation
Case Presentation Case Presentation
Overview Overview
Overview Overview
Osmolality Osmolality
Osmolality: Key Clinical Point Osmolality: Key Clinical Point
Osmotic Pressure = Tonicity Osmotic Pressure = Tonicity
Osmotic Pressure Osmotic Pressure
Body Water and Solute: an example Body Water and Solute: an example
Water Handling and Osmolality: Slide 13 Water Handling and Osmolality: Slide 13
Overview Overview
Normal Physiology Normal Physiology
Normal Physiology (cont.) Normal Physiology (cont.)
Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH) Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH)
Antidiuretic Hormone: Stimuli for Release Antidiuretic Hormone: Stimuli for Release
Antidiuretic Hormone Antidiuretic Hormone
Antidiuretic Hormone: Stimuli for Release Antidiuretic Hormone: Stimuli for Release
Antidiuretic Hormone: Stimuli for Release Antidiuretic Hormone: Stimuli for Release
Uosm and ADH Uosm and ADH
Uosm, ADH and Solute Uosm, ADH and Solute
Water Load and Water Deprivation: Physiologic Responses Water Load and Water Deprivation: Physiologic Responses
Water Handling and Osmolality: Slide 26 Water Handling and Osmolality: Slide 26
Water Handling and Osmolality: Slide 27 Water Handling and Osmolality: Slide 27
Water Handling and Osmolality: Slide 28 Water Handling and Osmolality: Slide 28
Water Handling and Osmolality: Slide 29 Water Handling and Osmolality: Slide 29
Uosm and ADH Uosm and ADH
Overview Overview
Water Handling and Osmolality: Slide 32 Water Handling and Osmolality: Slide 32
Causes of Hyponatremia: Elevated ADH Causes of Hyponatremia: Elevated ADH
Causes of Hyponatremia: ADH Suppressed Causes of Hyponatremia: ADH Suppressed
Causes of Hyponatremia: Normal or Elevated Plasma Osmolality Causes of Hyponatremia: Normal or Elevated Plasma Osmolality
Water Handling and Osmolality: Slide 36 Water Handling and Osmolality: Slide 36
Causes of Hyponatremia Causes of Hyponatremia
Diagnosis in Hyponatremia Diagnosis in Hyponatremia
Manifestations of Hyponatremia Manifestations of Hyponatremia
Manifestations of Hyponatremia (cont.) Manifestations of Hyponatremia (cont.)
Treatment of Hyponatremia: Chronic Treatment of Hyponatremia: Chronic
Overview Overview
Hyperosmolality Hyperosmolality
Water Handling and Osmolality: Slide 44 Water Handling and Osmolality: Slide 44
Causes of Hypernatremia: Hypotonic Fluid Loss Causes of Hypernatremia: Hypotonic Fluid Loss
Causes of Hypernatremia: Hypertonic Sodium Gain Causes of Hypernatremia: Hypertonic Sodium Gain
Neurogenic (Central) Diabetes Insipidus Neurogenic (Central) Diabetes Insipidus
Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus
Hyperosmolality: Presentation Hyperosmolality: Presentation
Hyperosmolality: Treatment Hyperosmolality: Treatment
Hyperosmolality: Treatment Central Diabetes Insipidus Hyperosmolality: Treatment Central Diabetes Insipidus
Hyperosmolality: Treatment Hyperosmolality: Treatment
Case Presentation Case Presentation
Water Handling and Osmolality: Slide 55 Water Handling and Osmolality: Slide 55
Case Presentation:  Causes of Hyponatremia Case Presentation: Causes of Hyponatremia